The ALHAMBRA Survey: For a systematic Study of Cosmic Evolution

Moles, M., Alfaro, E., Benítez, N., Broadhurst, T., Castander, F. J., Cepa, J., Cerviño, M., Fernández-Soto, A., González Delgado, R. M., Infante, L., López Aguerri, A., Márquez, I., Martínez, V. J., Masegosa, J., del Olmo, A., Perea, J., Prada, F., Quintana, J. M., and Sánchez, S.
eprint arXiv:astro-ph/0504545


ALHAMBRA is a project to gather data to sample a fraction of the Universe with enough precision to follow the evolution of its content and properties with z, a kind of Cosmic Tomography. It is defined as a 4 square degrees photometric survey with 20 contiguous, equal width, medium band filters covering from 3500 to 9700 A, plus the JHKs NIR bands. It was optimized to get (for a fixed observing time) the maximum number of objects with accurate classification and redshift and to be sensitive to relatively faint emission features. The observations will be carried out with the 3.5m telescope in Calar Alto (Spain). We intend to reach the limit AB=25 in all the optical filters from the bluest to 8300 A, and from 24.7 to 23.4 for the remainder. The expected limit in the NIR is fixed at Ks=20, H=21, J=22. The homogeneous and contiguous spectral coverage will result in several hundred thousand objects with accurate SED identification and z-values. The accuracy of the survey will allow to make detailed studies, including galactic, without the need for any further follow-up. Indeed, it will provide exciting targets for large telescopes, the GTC in particular.