The ALMA Early Science View of FUor/EXor objects. II. The Very Wide Outflow Driven by HBC 494

Ruíz-Rodríguez, D.; Cieza, L. A.; Williams, J. P.; Tobin, J. J.; Hales, A.; Zhu, Z.; Mužić, K.; Principe, D.; Canovas, H.; Zurlo, A.; Casassus, S.; Perez, S.; Prieto, J. L.
Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, Volume 466, Issue 3, p.3519-3532 (2017).


We present Atacama Large Millimeter/sub-millimeter Array Cycle-2 observations of the HBC 494 molecular outflow and envelope. HBC 494 is an FU Ori-like object embedded in the Orion A cloud and is associated with the reflection nebulae Re50 and Re50N. We use 12CO, 13CO and C18O spectral line data to independently describe the outflow and envelope structures associated with HBC 494. The moment-1 map of the 12CO emission shows the widest outflow cavities in a Class I object known to date (opening angle ˜150°). The morphology of the wide outflow is likely to be due to the interaction between winds originating in the inner disc and the surrounding envelope. The low-velocity blueshifted and redshifted 13CO and C18O emission trace the rotation and infall motion of the circumstellar envelope. Using molecular line data and adopting standard methods for correcting optical depth effects, we estimate its kinematic properties, including an outflow mass of the order of 10-1 M. Considering the large estimated outflow mass for HBC 494, our results support recent theoretical work suggesting that wind-driven processes might dominate the evolution of protoplanetary discs via energetic outflows.