CARMENES: M dwarfs and their planets

Quirrenbach, A.; Amado, P. J.; Caballero, J. A.; Mandel, H.; Mundt, R.; Reiners, A.; Ribas, I.; Seifert, W.; Azzaro, M.; Galadí, D.; Aff001
Solar and Stellar Flares and their Effects on Planets, Proceedings of the International Astronomical Union, IAU Symposium, Volume 320, pp. 388-390 (2016).


CARMENES (Calar Alto high-Resolution search for M dwarfs with Exo-earths with Near-infrared and optical Echelle Spectrographs) is a new instrument currently undergoing commissioning at the 3.5 m telescope of the Calar Alto Observatory. It has been constructed by a consortium of eleven Spanish and German institutions. The scientific goal of the project is a 600-night radial-velocity survey targeting 300 M dwarfs with sufficient precision to detect terrestrial planets in their habitable zones. The CARMENES instrument consists of two separate échelle spectrographs covering the wavelength range from 0.55 to 1.7 μm at a spectral resolution of R = 82,000, fed by fibers from the Cassegrain focus of the telescope. Both spectrographs are housed in a temperature-stabilized environment in vacuum tanks, to enable a long-term radial velocity precision of 1 m s-1. The wavelength calibration will be done with Th-Ne and U-Ne emission line lamps, and with Fabry-Pérot etalons.