Flare emission from Sagittarius A*

Eckart, A.; García-Marín, M.; Vogel, S. N.; Teuben, P.; Morris, M. R.; Baganoff, F.; Dexter, J.; Schödel, R.; Witzel, G.; Valencia-S, M.; Karas, V.; Kunneriath, D.; Bremer, M.; Straubmeier, C.; Moser, L.; Sabha, N.; Buchholz, R.; Zamaninasab, M.; Mužić, K.; Moultaka, J.; Zensus, J. A.
Journal of Physics: Conference Series, Volume 372, Issue 1, id. 012022 (2012).


Based on Bremer et al. (2011) and Eckart et al. (2012) we report on simultaneous observations and modeling of the millimeter, near-infrared, and X-ray flare emission of the source Sagittarius A* (SgrA*) associated with the super-massive (4×106 Modot) black hole at the Galactic Center. We study physical processes giving rise to the variable emission of SgrA* from the radio to the X-ray domain. To explain the statistics of the observed variability of the (sub-)mm spectrum of SgrA*, we use a sample of simultaneous NIR/X-ray flare peaks and model the flares using a synchrotron and SSC mechanism. The observations reveal flaring activity in all wavelength bands that can be modeled as the signal from adiabatically expanding synchrotron self-Compton (SSC) components. The model parameters suggest that either the adiabatically expanding source components have a bulk motion larger than vexp or the expanding material contributes to a corona or disk, confined to the immediate surroundings of SgrA*. For the bulk of the synchrotron and SSC models, we find synchrotron turnover frequencies in the range 300-400 GHz. For the pure synchrotron models this results in densities of relativistic particles of the order of 106.5 cm-3 and for the SSC models, the median densities are about one order of magnitude higher. However, to obtain a realistic description of the frequency-dependent variability amplitude of SgrA*, models with higher turnover frequencies and even higher densities are required. We discuss the results in the framework of possible deviations from equilibrium between particle and magnetic field energy. We also summarize alternative models to explain the broad-band variability of SgrA*.