The Galactic Center Black Hole Laboratory

Eckart, A.; Britzen, S.; Valencia-S., M.; Straubmeier, C.; Zensus, J. A.; Karas, V.; Kunneriath, D.; Alberdi, A.; Sabha, N.; Schödel, R.; Puetzfeld, D.
eprint arXiv:1501.02171


The super-massive 4 million solar mass black hole Sagittarius~A* (SgrA*) shows flare emission from the millimeter to the X-ray domain. A detailed analysis of the infrared light curves allows us to address the accretion phenomenon in a statistical way. The analysis shows that the near-infrared flare amplitudes are dominated by a single state power law, with the low states in SgrA* limited by confusion through the unresolved stellar background. There are several dusty objects in the immediate vicinity of SgrA*. The source G2/DSO is one of them. Its nature is unclear. It may be comparable to similar stellar dusty sources in the region or may consist predominantly of gas and dust. In this case a particularly enhanced accretion activity onto SgrA* may be expected in the near future. Here the interpretation of recent data and ongoing observations are discussed.