Herschel PACS Observations of 4–10 Myr Old Classical T Tauri Stars in Orion OB1

Maucó, Karina; Briceño, César; Calvet, Nuria; Hernández, Jesús; Ballesteros-Paredes, Javier; González, Omaira; Espaillat, Catherine C.; Li, Dan; Telesco, Charles M.; José Downes, Juan; Macías, Enrique; Qi, Chunhua; Michel, Raúl; D’Alessio, Paola; Ali, Babar
The Astrophysical Journal, Volume 859, Issue 1, article id. 1, 15 pp. (2018).


We present Herschel PACS observations of eight classical T Tauri Stars in the ∼7–10 Myr old OB1a and the ∼4–5 Myr old OB1b Orion subassociations. Detailed modeling of the broadband spectral energy distributions, particularly the strong silicate emission at 10 μm, shows that these objects are (pre-)transitional disks with some amount of small optically thin dust inside their cavities, ranging from ∼4 to ∼90 au in size. We analyzed Spitzer IRS spectra for two objects in the sample: CVSO-107 and CVSO-109. The IRS spectrum of CVSO-107 indicates the presence of crystalline material inside its gap, while the silicate feature of CVSO-109 is characterized by a pristine profile produced by amorphous silicates; the mechanisms creating the optically thin dust seem to depend on disk local conditions. Using millimeter photometry, we estimated dust disk masses for CVSO-107 and CVSO-109 lower than the minimum mass of solids needed to form the planets in our solar system, which suggests that giant planet formation should be over in these disks. We speculate that the presence and maintenance of optically thick material in the inner regions of these pre-transitional disks might point to low-mass planet formation.