Studying the kinematics of the giant star-forming region 30 Doradus. I. The data

Torres-Flores, S.; Barbá, R.; Maíz Apellániz, J.; Rubio, M.; Bosch, G.; Hénault-Brunet, V.; Evans, C. J.
Astronomy & Astrophysics, Volume 555, id.A60, 21 pp. (2013).


We present high-quality VLT-FLAMES optical spectroscopy of the nebular gas in the giant star-forming region 30 Doradus. In this paper, the first of a series, we introduce our observations and discuss the main kinematic features of 30 Dor, as revealed by the spectroscopy of the ionized gas in the region. The primary data set consists of regular grid of nebular observations, which we used to produce a spectroscopic datacube of 30 Dor, centered on the massive star cluster R136 and covering a field-of-view of 10'x10'. The main emission lines present in the datacube are from Halpha and [NII]6548,6584. The Halpha emission-line profile varies across the region from simple single-peaked emission to complex, multiple-component profiles, suggesting that different physical mechanisms are acting on the excited gas. To analyse the gas kinematics we fit Gaussian profiles to the observed Halpha features. Unexpectedly, the narrowest Halpha profile in our sample lies close to the supernova remnant 30 Dor B. We present maps of the velocity field and velocity dispersion across 30 Dor, finding five previously unclassified expanding structures. These maps highlight the kinematic richness of 30 Dor (e.g. supersonic motions), which will be analysed in future papers.

Based on observations made with ESO Telescopes at the La Silla Paranal Observatory under programmes 072.C-0348 and 182.D-0222.