Idiomas

VFirst results from a large-scale proper motion study of the Galactic Centre

Shahzamanian, B.; Schödel, R.; Nogueras-Lara, F.; Dong, H.; Gallego-Cano, E.; Gallego-Calvente, A. T.; Gardini, A.
eprint arXiv:1910.07940
10/2019

ABSTRACT

Proper motion studies of stars in the centre of the Milky Way have been typically limited to the Arches and Quintuplet clusters and to the central parsec. Here, we present the first results of a large-scale proper motion study of stars within several tens of parsecs of Sagittarius A* based on our angular resolution GALACTICNUCLEUS survey (epoch 2015) combined with NICMOS/HST data from the Paschen- survey (epoch 2008). This study will be the first extensive proper motion study of the central  of the Galaxy, which is not covered adequately by any of the existing astronomical surveys such as Gaia because of its extreme interstellar extinction ( mag). Proper motions can help us to disentangle the different stellar populations along the line-of-sight and interpret their properties in combination with multi-wavelength photometry from GALACTICNUCLEUS and other sources. It also allows us to infer the dynamics and interrelationship between the different stellar components of the Galactic Centre (GC). In particular, we use proper motions to detect co-moving groups of stars which can trace low mass or partially dissolved young clusters in the GC that can hardly be discovered by any other means. Our pilot study in this work is on a field in the nuclear bulge associated by HII regions that show the presence of young stars. We detect the first group of co-moving stars coincident with an HII region. Using colour-magnitude diagrams, we infer that the co-moving stars are consistent with being the post-main sequence stars with ages of few Myrs. Simulations show that this group of stars is a real group that can indicate the existence of a dissolving or low to intermediate mass young cluster. A census of these undiscovered clusters will ultimately help us to constrain star formation at the GC in the past few ten Myrs.